# Basic Odds and Outs

It has also been said that in poker, there are good bets and bad bets. The game just determines who can tell the difference. That statement relates to the importance of knowing and understanding the math of the game. The odds against hitting a flush when you hold four suited cards with one card to come is expressed as approximately 4-to This is a ratio, not a fraction. To figure the odds for this event simply add 4 and 1 together, which makes 5.

So in this example you would expect to hit your flush 1 out of every 5 times. Here are some other examples:.

Some people are more comfortable working with percentages rather than odds, and vice versa. An out is a card which will make your hand. For example, if you are on a flush draw with four hearts in your hand, then there will be nine hearts outs remaining in the deck to give you a flush. Another example would be if you hold a hand like and hit two pair on the flop of. Any of the following cards will help improve your hand to a full house;. The following table provides a short list of some common outs for post-flop play.

I recommend you commit these outs to memory:. The next table provides a list of even more types of draws and give examples, including the specific outs needed to make your hand. Take a moment to study these examples:. Counting outs is a fairly straightforward process. You simply count the number of unknown cards that will improve your hand, right? Wait… there are one or two things you need to consider:.

There are 15 outs when you have both a straight and flush draw. The reason is simple… in our example from table 2 the and the will make a flush and also complete a straight. These outs cannot be counted twice, so our total outs for this type of draw is 15 and not For example, suppose you hold on a flop of. However, the flop also contains two hearts, so if you hit the or the you will have a straight, but could be losing to a flush. So from 8 possible outs you really only have 6 good outs.

There are good outs, no-so good outs, and anti-outs. Keep this in mind. This first one does not require math, just use the handy chart below:. The odds are slightly better from the turn to the river, and much better when you have both cards still to come.

It should come in very handy. There are a couple of ways to do the math. One is complete and totally accurate and the other, a short cut which is close enough. The odds against hitting your flush from the flop to the river is 1. How do we get to this number? With 9 hearts remaining there would be 36 combinations of getting 2 hearts and making your flush with 5 hearts.

This is calculated as follows:. This is the probability of 2 running hearts when you only need 1 but this has to be figured. Of the 47 unknown remaining cards, 38 of them can combine with any of the 9 remaining hearts:. So we then add the two combinations that can make you your flush:. This number can be rounded to. And voila, this is how we reach 1. If that made you dizzy, here is the short hand method because you do not need to know it to 7 decimal points. A much easier way of calculating poker odds is the 4 and 2 method, which states you multiply your outs by 4 when you have both the turn and river to come — and with one card to go i.

What about with just one card to come? As for calculating your odds…. Tom has been writing about poker since and has played across the USA for over 40 years, playing every game in almost every card room in Atlantic City, California and Las Vegas. In poker, there are good bets and bad bets. What is this in percentage terms? What are your odds of hitting with just the river card to come?

Sign in or Register for Free. You flop two pair. How many outs do you have to make a full house? How many outs do you have to make a straight on the turn? How many outs do you have to win? With a straight and flush draw, how many outs do you have? What are the odds of hitting one of these outs on the river?